Posts Tagged thinking

we need to think more about thinking

"To make better decisions, we need to think more about thinking."

–James Montier

http://www.fastcompany.com/magazine/104/prophet.html

Think Watson’s RED model of critical thinking’

Recognize Assumptions

This is the ability to separate fact from opinion. It is deceptively easy to listen to a comment or presentation and assume the information presented is true even though no evidence was given to back it up. Noticing and questioning assumptions helps to reveal information gaps or unfounded logic. Taking it a step further, when we examine assumptions through the eyes of different people (e.g., the viewpoint of different stakeholders), the end result is a richer perspective on a topic.

Evaluate Arguments

The art of evaluating arguments entails analyzing information objectively and accurately, questioning the quality of supporting evidence, and understanding how emotion influences the situation. Common barriers include confirmation bias, or allowing emotions-yours or others-to get in the way of objective evaluation. People may quickly come to a conclusion simply to avoid conflict. Being able to remain objective and sort through the validity of different positions helps people draw more accurate conclusions.

Draw Conclusions

People who possess this skill are able to bring diverse information together to arrive at conclusions that logically follow from the available evidence, and they do not inappropriately generalize beyond the evidence. Furthermore, they will change their position when the evidence warrants doing so. They are often characterized as having "good judgment" because they typically arrive at a quality decision.

http://thinkwatson.com/learn-introduction-to-the-red-model.php

5 characteristics of a critical thinker

A journalist taught me about critical thinking and writing/editing. It’s important to vet and uncover more than one side to a story. See if you or your business associates have one or more of these characteristics (adapted from the Wikipedia entry). Do you:

  1. raise important questions and problems, formulating them clearly and precisely;
  2. gather and assess relevant information, using abstract ideas to interpret it effectively
  3. come to well-reasoned conclusions and solutions, testing them against relevant criteria and standards;
  4. think open-mindedly within alternative systems of thought, recognizing and assessing, as need be, your assumptions, implications, and practical consequences; and
  5. communicate effectively with others in figuring out solutions to complex problems; without being unduly influenced by others’ thinking on the topic.

These abilities are critical in business strategy — and in life. I particularly like the concept of suspending judgment.

http://www.conversationagent.com/2010/05/critical-thinking-underpinning-of-effective-business-strategy.html

How do you know?

These four words make a great jump-start to critical thinking. If it isn’t clear, ask, “How do you know?”

http://critical-thinkers.com/2010/09/1140/

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it is your duty to ask simple questions

why

“We get seduced by the complicated in Western society,” Ms. Zimmerman says. “We’re in awe of it and we pull away from the duty to ask simple questions, which we do whenever we deal with matters that are complex.”

http://www.nytimes.com/2010/05/02/weekinreview/02segal.html?_r=1

We are drawn to complexity. We fear simplicity.

In design, it is easy to slip in to adding choices, options or features.
In thought and words, we like to use long words or acronyms and jargon.
When writing we include needless words, and struggle to stick to the point.

Asking simple, direct and even ‘dumb’ questions can help you get to the heart of the matter.

omit needless words : http://genecloud.wordpress.com/2008/06/05/omit-needless-words/

simplification failure : http://genecloud.wordpress.com/2009/03/09/design-language-simplification-failure/

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